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Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 32 million people, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast. Its territory covers 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq mi), making it the 41st largest country in the world. Languages Pashto and Dari are the official languages of Afghanistan; bilingualism is very common. Both are Indo-European languages from the Iranian languages sub-family. Dari (Afghan Persian) has long been the prestige language and a lingua franca for inter-ethnic communication. It is the native tongue of the Tajiks, Hazaras, Aimaks, and Kizilbash. Pashto is the native tongue of the Pashtuns, although many Pashtuns often use Dari and some non-Pashtuns are fluent in Pashto. Other languages, including Uzbek, Arabic, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashayi, and Nuristani languages (Ashkunu, Kamkata-viri, Vasi-vari, Tregami, and Kalasha-ala), are the native tongues of minority groups across the country and have official status in the regions where they are widely spoken. Minor languages also include Pamiri (Shughni, Munji, Ishkashimi, and Wakhi), Brahui, Hindko, and Kyrgyz. A small percentage of Afghans are also fluent in Urdu, English, and other languages. Religions Over 99% of the Afghan population is Muslim; up to 90% are from the Sunni branch, 7-19% are Shia. Until the 1890s, the region around Nuristan was known as Kafiristan (land of the kafirs (unbelievers)) because of its non-Muslim inhabitants, the Nuristanis, an ethnically distinct people whose religious practices included animism, polytheism, and shamanism. Thousands of Afghan Sikhs and Hindus are also found in the major cities. There was a small Jewish community in Afghanistan who had emigrated to Israel and the United States by the end of the twentieth century; only one Jew, Zablon Simintov, remained by 2005.


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Agências da ONU

Programas, ONGs e Fundações que trabalham em formas contemporâneas de escravidão

Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch
Derechos Human Rights
Front Line, The International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
Human Rights Internet
Human Rights Network International database
Human Rights Resource Center
Human Rights Web
New Internationalist
Anti-slavery
Anti-slavery society
American Anti-Slavery Group (ASSG)
Free the Slaves
SaveAslave
The Wyndham Charitable Trust
Polaris Project
Committee Against Modern Slavery
SOS Esclaves Mauritania

Trafficking and sexual slavery

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
The emancipation Network
Coalition against Trafficking in Women
Project to end Human Trafficking
Humantrafficking.org
People Against Trafficking Humans
Ban-Ying (Germany)
Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women
Global Rights, Initiative Against Trafficking in Persons
Human Trafficking Search (National Multicultural Institute)
International Organization for Migration, Prevention of Trafficking in Women in the Baltic States project
La Strada International
Perm Center Against Violence and Human Trafficking (Russia)
Stop Albanian Slavery
The Barnaba Institute
Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking
Bilateral Safety Corridor Coalition
Shared Hope International
AFESIP
Action to End Exploitation
Protection Project

Forced labour and migrant exploitation

International Labor Organisation
International Labor Rights Fund
International Organization for Migration
Kalayaan Justice for migrant workers
Matahari Eye of the Day
Global Workers Justice Alliance
Human Rights for workers
Irish Congress of Trade Unions
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
Sweatshopwath
Trades Union Congress UK
Instituto Sindicale per la Cooperazione et lo Sviluppo
Coalition of Labor Union Women
International Organization of Employers
World Confederation of Labour
Children (forced labour and sexual slavery) UNICEF
International Initiative to End Child Labor
ECPAT International (child prostitution and trafficking of children for sexual purposes)
Justice for Children International
Save the children
Child Labor Coalition
World Tourism Organization - Task to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Tourism
South Asian Coalition on Child Servitude
Child Rights Information Network
Action Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ALTEN)
Association pour la lutte Contre le Travail des Enfants au Niger (ALTEN)
Butterflies Programme for Street and Working Children (India)
Casa Alianza Latina America
Casa Alianza UK
Child Labour Awareness
Child Rights Information Network
Child Workers in Asia
Child Workers in Nepal
Child Watch
Concerned for Working Children
Free the Children
Free the Children India
Global March Against Child Labour
HAQ: Centre for Child Rights and Campaign to Stop Child Labour
International Federation of Free Trade Unions (Child labour section)
ILO - International Programme of the Elimination of Child Labour
Child Trafficking Digital Library
World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
The World Bank- Child Labour
Understanding Children's Work: An inter-agency research cooperation project on child labour
ECLT Foundation - addressing the challenge of child labour in tobacco growing
World Congress against Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC)
RugMark Foundation
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